Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery

Oral, Dental, and Maxillofacial Surgery is the department that diagnoses and applies treatment methods to treat injuries and damages in the hard and soft tissues of the mouth, teeth, and jaw regions of all individuals without age restrictions. It has a wide range of applications and treatments, from tooth extraction to root tip surgeries (apical resection operations), from implant procedures to the prevention of gingival diseases.

Treatments in Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery

Treatments performed in Oral, Dental, and Maxillofacial Surgery are as follows:

  • Tooth extraction (simple and surgical extraction)
  • Impacted tooth extraction
  • Wisdom tooth extraction
  • Apical resection surgery
  • Implant applications
  • Pre-prosthetic surgery operations
  • Sinus lift operation
  • Orthognathic surgery operations
  • Bone augmentations
  • Treatments of jaw joint diseases
  • Conservative and surgical treatments of jaw fractures
  • Gum diseases

Tooth extraction (simple and surgical extraction)

Tooth extraction is the quick and simple extraction of teeth that cannot be saved, cannot be restored to their former health, reduce the quality of life and cause negative situations such as bad smell and pain, usually with the help of local anesthesia and only forceps.

Surgical tooth extraction, on the other hand, is the extraction of teeth by opening the gingiva and removing the bone on the tooth, which is applied under local anesthesia but is applied in cases such as the extraction of wisdom and impacted teeth, a broken root fragment as a result of standard tooth extraction under the gingiva.

Wisdom tooth extraction

The surgical extraction of wisdom teeth has grown in a problematic way. With local anesthesia, the area is anesthetized, and an incision is made in the gingiva. The tooth is divided into several parts and extracted, and the area is cleaned. The operation is completed by suturing the opened incision.

Apical resection surgery

Apical resection surgery is cleaning the infected area that occurs at the root end of the tooth in the bone without extracting the tooth.

Implant applications

One of the most applied treatment methods in the Department of Oral, Dental, and Maxillofacial Surgery in recent years is implant applications. The implant is the application of artificial teeth with screws placed in the jawbones and dental prostheses placed on the screws to fill the place of missing teeth.

Pre-prosthetic surgery operations

The purpose of pre-prosthetic surgery is to prepare and make the mouth, teeth, muscle, bone, and soft tissues suitable for prosthesis and to perform the necessary surgical procedure or procedures.

Sinus lift operations

One of the most critical issues to be considered in the preliminary examination of patients who will be implanted is to control whether there is sufficient bone thickness in the sinus areas. This bone thickness must be adequate to achieve successful results by healthily placing the implant screws. In cases where this thickness is not sufficient, a sinus lift is performed by surgical methods. Thus, a healthy foundation for dental implants is created.

Bone augmentations

Sometimes there is not enough bone in patients to be implanted. In cases where the amount of bone is low, bone is added from an area opened in the upper part of the gum. Bone replacement is usually done using bone graft material. The aim is to create a bone structure suitable for the implant process, as is done in sinus lift operations.

Masseter botox applications

It is the process of injecting small doses of botox into the masseter muscle to loosen these muscles and weaken these muscles enough to eliminate the teeth clenching and grinding response. Thanks to this application, bruxism and related problems are largely prevented, and the teeth and jaw joint are kept healthy.

Gum Diseases and Surgical Treatments

Gum diseases, which can occur for many different reasons, usually occur due to genetic factors, drug use, smoking, hormonal changes, stress, diabetes, malnutrition, and clenching problems. Gum surgery offers important studies for the treatment of gum diseases. These surgical operations are as follows:

  • Gingival Flap Operation: It is a procedure applied in cases where pockets caused by gum disease are deeper than 5 millimeters. The periodontist cuts the gum tissue from the teeth by cutting the gum tissue and cleans the plaque and tartar under the pockets by performing a deep cleaning.
  • Gingivectomy: This process is applied to get rid of overgrown gums on the teeth and create a better area to clean the teeth. The gingival tissue is anesthetized, and the periodontist cuts off the excess gingival tissue.
  • Gingivoplasty: This surgical operation, which reshapes the healthy gums around the teeth to make them look better, is also used in gingival recession problems experienced in a way that the gingiva is separated from the tooth. In this gingival recession, the tissue (graft) taken from the palate is stitched to both sides of the gingiva, and the problem is eliminated.