Periodontology is the branch of dentistry that examines the gingiva and the bone structure surrounding the teeth, diagnoses and treats the diseases that occur in these tissues, and ensures the continuity of the acquired health.
For a good oral health, the health of the bones and gum tissues, which are responsible for carrying the teeth, is very important as well as the teeth should be caries-free and healthy. Periodontology department deals with the health of gingival tissues, which are of high importance in oral health, and treats gingival diseases.
Gum disease begins with gingivitis, called gingivitis. When gingivist occurs, which is the early period of periodontal diseases, the gums become bleeding, red-looking and swollen. If left untreated, the disease may evolve into periodontitis and cause severe and irreversible damage to the alveolar bone, which is responsible for supporting the gums and teeth.
Periodontitis is the most advanced stage of gingival diseases, and if precautions are taken, the infection can progress and cause tooth loss by causing teeth to shake and even gum recession. In order to prevent these, it is highly important to apply to the periodontology department and to have regular check-ups.
The most common symptoms of gum disease treated by the periodontology department are:
While the main cause of periodontal diseases that periodontology diagnoses and treats is bacterial plaque, other causes include smoking, systematic diseases, drug use, pregnancy, diabetes, stress, menopause and AIDS. In addition, delaying dental check-ups causes the progression of these diseases and the loss of the possibility of early treatment.
Periodontal diseases can be treated without the need for surgical interventions in the early diagnosis. After cleaning the tooth and root surface and checking the occlusion (control of the closure of the lower and upper jaw teeth with each other), caries and wisdom teeth are removed, preventing the accumulation of microorganisms, the gingiva adapts to the tooth again, the gingiva is replaced and the tissue pocket is eliminated.
Treatment methods used in gum disease are:
The treatment method to be used in the treatment of gum disease is determined by the dentist's examination and the condition of the disease. With regular check-ups, these diseases can be prevented from recurring.