Prosthetic dental treatment is one of the branches of dentistry. The aim of prosthetic dental treatment is to restore the function, speech and aesthetics that the patient lost due to the loss of teeth or teeth.
The cavities formed due to tooth loss adversely affect the chewing and speaking functions of the patients. Even digestive problems may occur due to chewing disorders. In addition to these negativities, the emergence of an aesthetically unpleasant appearance may negatively affect the social life and self-confidence of the patient.
In the treatment of prosthetic teeth, artificial teeth are placed in the gap formed by the lost tooth or teeth with different prosthesis applications determined according to the need and mouth characteristics. Prosthetic dentistry is also called aesthetic dentistry. Damage to chewing and speaking functions is resolved with the most aesthetic appearance possible.
Solution-Focused Approach Before Aesthetics
The prosthesis should be determined according to the patient's needs and the size and color should be preferred by taking the patient's natural teeth as a reference. Incorrect applications made to stop the aesthetic may cause results such as not being able to make some sounds during speech or biting the inner parts of the cheeks. For this, while the lost tooth or teeth are regained with the help of prostheses, the recovery of the lost functions should be kept in the foreground.
Types of Prosthesis Applied by Prosthetic Dentistry
In prosthetic dental treatment, there are many types of prosthesis that are determined according to the needs of the patient and the procedure to be performed. These types of prostheses are:
- Fixed Prostheses: They are made by taking support from healthy teeth or implants placed in the mouth. These prostheses are fixed in place with the help of various chemicals. Fixed prosthesis types include:
- Crown Prosthesi: It is the most preferred type of prosthesis for single tooth loss. Following the measurement and modeling of the tooth, it is placed on the missing area with either porcelain or acrylic coating.
- Bridge Prosthesis: It is the preferred type of prosthetic dental treatment in cases where there is more than one tooth loss. After the impression procedures, the porcelain veneer is placed in the cavity to be treated with the prosthesis application. Bridge crown is also a preferred procedure in tooth separation treatments.
- Adhesive Bridge Prosthesis: Adhesive bridge prosthesis application, which is also called Maryland bridge, is applied in anterior tooth deficiencies. It is based on the principle of creating the basis for the prosthesis by cutting the healthy teeth on the sides of the missing tooth. After the healthy teeth are shaped to hold the prosthesis, the prosthetic tooth is placed in the tooth cavity and the process is completed.
- Telescope Crown Prosthesis: It is also a method used in the treatment of crooked, crooked or excessively long teeth. It consists of a double crown system known as telescopic. It is a prosthesis application that can be removed by the patient, which is provided by placing metal crowns on the inner parts of the remaining healthy natural teeth and placing the prosthesis.
- Implant: It is one of the most commonly used prostheses in the treatment of tooth loss. They are prostheses placed on the end of medical screws placed on the jawbone or skull bones. Different types of prosthesis can be applied to the implants.
- Metal Coating: They are prostheses with porcelain outer part and metal inner part. Although it is aesthetically beautiful, it can cause aesthetic discomfort due to its low light transmittance.
- Zirconium Coating: It has a high light permeability and is a highly preferred prosthesis in terms of aesthetics. It is the type of prosthesis closest to the natural appearance.
- Ceramic Coating: They are prostheses made of reinforced porcelain without metal support. It is the most aesthetically advanced type of veneer and is often used for this on front teeth.
Removable Prostheses: It is a type of prosthesis applied to patients who have lost all their teeth due to different reasons. In case of loss of all teeth, since it will not be possible to make some sounds, speech is distorted, dents occur in the lips, and this causes an older appearance, and there may be greater health problems due to nutritional difficulties. In order to prevent these, it is a prosthetic dental treatment method that is designed to receive support from the tissues in the mouth and produces removable full dentures.