Sedation Application in Dental Treatments
It is aimed to complete dental treatments easily with the sedation method applied for people who postpone their treatment due to dentist phobia or feel very nervous during the treatment. Since it is a reliable method, it can be applied to different patient groups.
What is sedation?
Sedation is a controlled semi-drowsy state performed by anesthesiologists by administering intravenous drugs to the patient. It is frequently used in dentistry, especially in frightened, anxious patients, mentally handicapped children and adults. At the same time, it is a method that is used to avoid boredom of children whose treatment will take a long time and to complete the treatment successfully.
Which Patient Groups Are Sedated?
Sedation means that the patient goes into deep sleep without losing consciousness. In this way, it allows multiple dental treatment procedures to be performed at the same time. The patient groups in which sedation is applied are as follows:
- Patients with severe intraoral trauma
- Patients with high dental phobia
- Children in the younger age group
- Children and adults with developmental problems
- • In dental treatments that cannot be performed in a single session with local anesthesia
What are the types of sedation?
Sedation comes in 3 different types:
- Conscious: The patient is able to keep the airway open and respond appropriately to physical stimuli and verbal commands; but it is a method in which consciousness is suppressed. It is not general anesthesia.
- Moderate: It is the type of sedation in which patients can respond to light touches or loud commands without touching.
- Deep: It is a method in which consciousness is suppressed significantly and patients cannot be easily awakened by verbal stimuli.
How is it applied?
Sedation is a method that can be used safely, especially in patients who are not mentally ready for medical interventions due to mental retardation and young age. Being safe also supports the safe and successful completion of dental treatments.
This method first begins with the opening of the patient's vascular access. After the vascular access is opened, the anesthesiologist gives the necessary drug to the patient in the required dose. The person enters a state of sleep and the person's reflexes are preserved. In this way, the dentist starts the treatment and ends the treatment easily.
What are the Advantages of Sedation?
Sedation application is a very advantageous application especially for people with dentist phobia. Because there are many patients who postpone their dental treatments due to the fear of the dentist and encounter tooth loss in the future.
The advantages of sedation are as follows:
- It is an effective method for young children to overcome their dentist phobia.
- It provides the application of more than one dental treatment in a short time.
- It raises the pain threshold and makes the feeling of pain disappear.
- Sudden reflexes are avoided. In this way, a comfortable working environment is provided for the dentist.
- It prevents the formation of fear of the dentist, especially in children.
- It allows a trouble-free treatment process for patients with nausea.
- The sedation application makes patients feel more comfortable in a short period of 2-3 minutes.
- Patients continue their daily routines without worrying about any side effects.
- After sedation, the feeling of numbness in the mouth that bothers the person passes.
- Its level can be increased or decreased at any time.
- The patient remains fully conscious and calm during the treatment.
With sedation, dental treatments are performed very easily today. Although the patient is conscious, not feeling any pain allows him to stay in the dentist's chair for a long time. Thanks to this, the treatment is carried out successfully. At the same time, it is a method that is used safely due to the absence of any side effects.